Skip to main content

Oregon State Route 238 to Jacksonville

Back in the winter of 2016 I had passed through Crater Lake National Park in southern Oregon on my way to Redwood National Park in northern California.  Having taken I-5 from Medford to US 199 Grants Pass previously I decided on a different route via Oregon State Route 238 through the historic mining City of Jacksonville.






OR 238 is a 39 mile state highway from OR 62/OR 99 in Medford of Jackson County westward to US 199/OR 99 in Grants Pass of Josephine County.  OR 238 begins at OR 62/OR 99 at Crater Lake Highway and traverses 5.5 miles westward to downtown Jacksonville via; Rossanley Drive and Hanley Road before entering the City of Jacksonville as 5th Street.  OR 238 turns west on California Street alongside Jackson Creek into downtown Jacksonville.

Most of the historic structures in Jacksonville date from the 1850s to 1860s and largely line California Street.  Jacksonville dates back to 1851 when placer claims were struck on nearby Jackson Creek.  Jacksonville lies within the foothills of the Siskiyou Mountains and much like the Trinity Range Northern California was part of the northern extent of the California Gold Rush.  Jacksonville was the County Seat of Jackson County until 1927 when it was shifted to Medford.  Although mining had declined by the 1880s it's survival as a suburb was assured when the Oregon and California Railroad was routed through what is now Medford in 1884.  The Oregon and California Railroad bypassed Jacksonville largely due to the ease of the grade of Rogue Valley which Medford, the former US 99 corridor, and I-5 corridor now reside.
















West of Jacksonville OR 238 runs westward on Medford-Provolt Highway to the Applegate River and Applegate Truss Bridge.  OR 238 continues on the South Bank of the Applegate River on Medford-Provolt Highway to Provolt where the road becomes Williams Highway.  OR 238 follows the Williams Highway over the Applegate River again in Murphy where it begins to swing northward towards Grants Pass. OR 238 terminates in downtown Grants Pass at the junction of US 199 and OR 99.

OR 238 dates back to 1935 and originally had terminus points at US Route 99 on both ends of the highway.  Originally OR 238 began on Main Street in Medford at US 99 and headed westward towards Jacksonville.  This 1956 Oregon State Highway Map shows the original terminus points of OR 238 and the original route out of Medford.

1956 State Highway Map

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Yes, the color of your nearby fire hydrant matters...

...and here's why. You will find White, Red, Yellow and Violet colored fire hydrants pretty much everywhere.  But there's a reason for this - and it's because of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).  This association has issued guidelines for color coding standards for fire hydrants.  These color codes from the body of the hydrant, top of the hydrant, and in some municipalities the outlet caps are designed to allow fire fighters to know what type of system, water flow rate (Gallons Per Minute or GPM), and level of water pressure.  This guideline is known as NFPA 291 and is intended to be used universally throughout the United States. The NFPA guidelines are specific to the body and the top cap of the hydrant.  If a hydrant is WHITE or YELLOW - it means that it is connected to a public/municipal water system.  If a hydrant is RED - the hydrant is connected to a private system, typically a well.  These are most common in rural or unincorporated areas

Legend of the Ridge Route; a history of crossing the mountains between the Los Angeles Basin and San Joaquin Valley from wagon trails to Interstates

Over the past two decades I've crossed the Interstate 5 corridor from Los Angeles north over the Sierra Pelona Mountains and Tehachapi Range to San Joaquin Valley what seems to be an immeasurable number of times.  While Interstate 5 from Castaic Junction to Grapevine via Tejon Pass today is known to most as "The Grapevine" it occupies a corridor which has been traversed by numerous historic highways.  The most notable of these highways is known as the "Ridge Route."  This article is dedicated to the Ridge Route and the various highways that preceded it.  This blog is part of the larger Gribblenation US Route 99 Page.  For more information pertaining to the other various segments of US Route 99 and it's three-digit child routes check out the link the below. Gribblenation US Route 99 Page Ridge Route corridor introdution The Ridge Route as originally envisioned was a segment of highway which was completed in 1915 between the northern Los Angeles city limit

Establishing the numbering conventions of California's chargeable Interstates

The Federal Highway Aid Act of 1956 brought the Interstate Highway System into existence which would largely be constructed by Federal Highway Administration fund matching.  The Interstate Highway System was deliberately numbered to run opposite the established conventions of the US Route System.  While the Interstate Highway numbering conventions are now well established there was a period during the late 1950s where they were still being finalized.  This blog examines the history of the establishing of the chargeable Interstate Highway route numbers in California.  The above blog cover depicts the Interstate Highway route numbers requested by the Division of Highways in the Los Angeles area during November 1957.  The establishment of the numbering conventions of California's chargeable Interstates The Interstate Highway System was not created in a vacuum by way of the passage of the 1956 Federal Highway Aid Act.  The beginning of the Interstate Highway System can be found in the