Skip to main content

Hawaii Route 65 and 630

Hawaii Route 65 and Hawaii Route 630 are a multiplexed 4.148-mile State Highway which is almost entirely unsigned on the island of O'ahu.  Hawaii Route 65 and Hawaii Route 630 both begin at the junction of Hawaii Route 83 and Hawaii Route 63 in Kaneohe.  From Kaneohe both Hawaii Route 65 and Hawaii Route 630 follow Kaneohe Bay Drive, Mokapu Saddle Road and Mokapu Boulevard to a terminus at the boundary of Marine Corps Base Hawaii at Kapoho Point in Kailua.  The multiplexed corridor of Hawaii Route 65/Hawaii Route 630 on Kaneohe Bay Drive is aligned over part of what was once Hawaii Route 63.

This page is part of the Gribblenation O'ahu Highways page.  All Gribblenation and Roadwaywiz media related to the highway system of O'ahu can be found at the link below:

https://www.gribblenation.org/p/gribblenation-oahu-highways-page.html


Part 1; the history of Hawaii Route 65 and Hawaii Route 630

During World War II the territory of Hawaii saw an influx of military activity following the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941.  Numerous Military Routes and early Hawaii Routes were signed through the Hawaiian Territory to aid military personnel in navigating the islands.  Military Highways were assigned US Route style shields whereas lesser highways were assigned an early variation of what is now the Hawaii Route Spade.  A 1946 Army Map of the Island of O'ahu shows the present corridor of Hawaii Route 65 and Hawaii Route 630 assigned as Military Route 16 between Kaneohe to Kapoho Point via Kaneohe Bay Drive and Hawaii Route 16B via Mokapu Boulevard to Naval Air Station Kaneohe Bay (now Marine Corps Base Hawaii).  A full version of the 1946 Army Map of O'ahu can be seen on hawaiihighways.com here.  


Circa 1955 following the conclusion of World War II the United States Bureau of Public Roads renumbered the Hawaii Route System.  The 1955 Hawaii Route renumbering saw most of the conventions utilized by the current Hawaii State Route System established.  Primary Hawaii Routes were given two digit numbers whereas Secondary Hawaii Routes were given three digit numbers.  The Hawaii Routes were assigned in sequence for what Island/County they were located on coupled with what Federal Aid Program number they were tied to.  In the case of O'ahu the Island was assigned numbers in the range of 60-99.  In the case of Military Route 16 it was renumbered as part of Hawaii Route 63 and Hawaii Route 61.  Hawaii Route 63 from Kaneohe followed Kaneohe Bay Drive, Kalaheo Avenue and Kuulei Road to a mutual terminus with Hawaii Route 61 at the Kawainui Bridge in Kailua.  

Early Hawaii Route 63 between Kaneohe and Kailua can be observed on the 1959 Gousha Map of Hawaii.  No Hawaii Route number is shown assigned to Mokapu Boulevard north of Kalaheo Avenue towards Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay over what was Hawaii Route 16A.  

The mutual terminus of Hawaii Route 63 and Hawaii Route 61 at the Kawainui Bridge in Kailua can be observed on the 1960 USGS Map of O'ahu hosted on historicaerials.com. 

At some unknown point Hawaii Route 63 from Kaneohe to Kapoho Point was reassigned as Hawaii Route 630.  Unlike Hawaii Route 63 which terminated in Kailua at Hawaii Route 61 the newly assigned Hawaii Route 630 jutted north from Kalaheo Boulevard via Mokapu Boulevard into Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay.  The new alignment of Hawaii Route 630 can be seen on the 1970 USGS Map of O'ahu hosted on historicaerials.com.  

According to hawaiihighways.com Mokapu Saddle Road was built concurrently with the initial segment of Interstate H-3.  The initial segment of Interstate H-3 was opened from Mokapu Saddle Road north to Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay during December 1972.  It appears during this time Hawaii Route 630 was rerouted onto Mokapu Saddle Road and followed it directly onto Mokapu Boulevard towards the older gate of Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay.  

Interstate H-3 was completed over the Ko'olau Range between 1989-1997 and opened to traffic December 12th, 1997.  It appears Hawaii Route 65 was designated over the existing alignment of Hawaii Route 630 upon the opening or shortly after Interstate H-3 fully opened.  Strangely it would appear Hawaii Route 630 was never decommissioned and is completely concurrent with Hawaii Route 65.  Notably Hawaii Route 65 and Hawaii Route 630 appear fully multiplexed on the 2017 USGS Map of O'ahu hosted on historicaerials.com.




Part 2; a drive on Hawaii Route 65 and Hawaii Route 630

Both Hawaii Route 65 and Hawaii Route 630 are signed on Interstate H-3 eastbound approaching Exit 14 at Mokapu Saddle Road.  



 

Below Hawaii Route 65/Hawaii Route 630 can be observed westbound on Mokapu Boulevard in Kailua approaching the Interstate H-3 junction.  Hawaii Route 65/Hawaii Route 630 does not any on-route reassurance shields posted.  



Westbound Hawaii Route 65/Hawaii Route 630 on Mokapu Saddle Road to Kaneohe Bay Drive. 

Hawaii Route 65/Hawaii Route 630 on Kaneohe Bay Drive to the highway's western terminus at Hawaii Route 83/Hawaii Route 63 in Kaneohe.  






Part 3; Roadwaywiz on Hawaii Route 65 and Hawaii Route 630

During June of 2019 Dan Murphy of the Roadwaywiz Youtube Channel and Gribblenation featured real time drives on Hawaii Route 65/Hawaii Route 630.  Below Hawaii Route 65/Hawaii Route 630 can be observed eastbound from Kaneohe to Kailua.  

Below Hawaii Route 65/Hawaii Route 630 can be observed westbound from Kailua to Kaneohe. 

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

California State Route 190; a Trans-Sierra Highway that could have been

This past week I decided to take a small scale road trip on California State Route 190 from CA 99 east to the unbuilt section over the Sierra Nevada Range.  While I was in for what turned out to be a fun drive following the course of the Tule River watershed what I found researching the back story of CA 190 was one of the most complex and unusual stories of any California State Highway.  Given that I had a ton of older photos of the eastern segment of CA 190 in the Mojave Desert of Inyo County I thought it was time to put something together for the entire route. The simplified story of CA 190 is that it is a 231 mile state highway that has a 43 mile unbuilt gap in the Sierra Nevada Range.  CA 190 is an east/west State Highway running from CA 99 in Tulare County at Tipton east to CA 127 located in Death Valley Junction near the Nevada State Line in rural Inyo County.  The routing CA 190 was adopted into the State Highway system as Legislative Route 127 which was adopted in 1933 acc

Old US Route 40 on Donner Pass Road

While completing California State Route 89 between Lassen Volcanic National Park and US Route I took a detour in Truckee up the infamous Donner Pass Road. Generally I don't dispense with the history of a roadway before the route photos but the history of Donner Pass is steeped within California lore and western migration.  The first recorded Wagon Crossing of Donner Pass was back in 1844.  The infamous Donner Party saga occurred in the winter of 1846-47 in which only 48 of the 87 party members survived.  Although the Donner Party incident is largely attributed to poor planning and ill conceived Hastings Cutoff it largely led to the infamous reputation of Donner Pass. The first true road over the Sierra Nevada Range via the Donner Pass was known as the Dutch Flat & Donner Lake Road.  The Dutch Flat & Donner Lake Wagon Road was completed by 1864 to assist with construction of the Central Pacific build the First Trans-Continental Railroad over Donner Pass.  The websit

California State Route 159 (former California State Route 11 and US Route 66)

California State Route 159 was a post 1964-Renumbering State Route which was designated over former segments of California State Route 11 and US Route 66.  As originally defined California State Route 159 began at Interstate 5/US Route 99 at the Golden State Freeway in Los Angeles.  California State Route 159 followed Figueroa Street, Colorado Boulevard and Linda Vista Avenue to the planned Foothill Freeway.  California State Route 159 was truncated during 1965 to existing solely on Linda Vista Avenue where it remained until being relinquished during 1989.  California State Route 159 was formally deleted from the State Highway System during 1992.   The history of California State Route 159 Prior to 1933 the Division of Highways was not actively involved in maintaining urban highways outside of occasional cooperative projects.  The responsibility for signage of US Routes in cities was thusly given to the Automobile Club of Southern California in the Southern California region.  This bei