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Farrington Highway (Hawaii Routes 93, 99, 930, 7101 and 7110)

Farrington Highway is a half-circle loop highway on western Oahu of the Hawaiian Islands.  Farrington Highway begins as part of Hawaii Route 99 near Pearl City at Kamehameha Highway.  Farrington Highway circles western Oahu as parts of Hawaii Route 7101, Hawaii Route 7110 and Hawaii Route 93 to the boundary of Kaena Point State Park.  Through Kaena Point State Park the alignment of Farrington Highway loops the namesake Kaena Point via the abandoned grade of the Oahu Railway and emerges onto Hawaii Route 930.  Farrington Highway follows Hawaii Route 930 where it terminates at Kaukonahua Road.  Featured as the cover photo is Farrington Highway facing south from the end of the abandoned dirt portion in Kaena Point State Park.  


This page is part of the Gribblenation Oahu Highways page.  All Gribblenation and Roadwaywiz media related to the highway system of Oahu can be found at the link below:

https://www.gribblenation.org/p/gribblenation-oahu-highways-page.html


Part 1; the history of Farrington Highway

The namesake for Farrington Highway is Wallace Rider Farrington.  Farrington was born in Orono, Maine during 1871 and would graduate from the University of Maine during 1891.  During 1894 while traveling to Honolulu the Honolulu Advisor persuaded Farrington to stay on as their newspaper editor.  Farrington was appointed the 6th Territorial Governor of Hawaii by President Warren G. Harding during July 1921.  Farrington would serve as Territorial Governor until July 1929 and would ultimately die from heart disease during October 1933.  


Much of Farrington Highway was built alongside the Oahu Railway.  Beginning in 1889 the Oahu Railway would begin laying narrow gauge tracks along the western half of Oahu which would form the basis of Farrington Highway.  The 1889 J.T. Taylor Map of Oahu shows what would become Farrington Highway following the Oahu Railway from Pearl City northwest to the vicinity of Kaena Point.  The Oahu Railway can be seen looping Kaena Point via a grade which would become the dirt segment of Farrington Highway in Kaena Point State Park.  




Prior to the Statehood the first signed highways within Hawaii Territory came into existence during World War II.   During World War II the territory of Hawaii saw an influx of military activity following the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941.  Numerous Military Routes and early Hawaii Routes were signed through the Hawaiian Territory to aid military personnel in navigating the islands.  Military Highways were assigned US Route style shields whereas lesser highways were assigned an early variation of what is now the Hawaii Route Spade.  

A 1946 Army Map of the Island of Oahu shows the future current corridor of Farrington Highway as Military Route 2 from Ewa Junction to the vicinity of Kaena Point.  From the opposite end of Kaena Point at Kawaihapai the future corridor of Farrington Highway is shown as Military Route 11 to Thompsons Corner.  A full version of the 1946 Army Map of Oahu can be seen hosted on hawaiihighways.com here



Below Hawaii Route 211/Ewa Beach Road can be seen branching from Military Route 2/Farrington Highway.  This junction is now where Hawaii Route 7110 terminates at Old Fort Weaver Road. 

During 1947 the Oahu Railway disbanded and its rails were eventually removed.  The abandoned grade of the Oahu Railway at Kaena Point was incorporated into a dirt connecting segment of Farrington Highway between Makua Beach and Kawaihapai.  Farrington Highway can be seen as a dirt road at Kaena Point between Makua Beach and Kawaihapai on the 1956 Shell Oil Highway Map of Hawaii.  


Circa 1955 following the conclusion of World War II the United States Bureau of Public Roads renumbered the Hawaii Route System.  The 1955 Hawaii Route Renumbering saw most of the conventions utilized by the current Hawaii State Route System established.  Primary Hawaii Routes were given two-digit numbers whereas Secondary Hawaii Routes were given three-digit numbers.  The Hawaii Routes were assigned in sequence for what Island/County they were located on coupled with what Federal Aid Program number they were tied to.  In the case of Oahu the Island was assigned numbers in the range of 60-99.  Farrington Highway was assigned as part of Hawaii Route 90 from Ewa Junction to Kaena Point and Hawaii Route 99 from Kaena Point to Hawaii Route 83 near Waialua.  Hawaii Route 90 and Hawaii Route 99 can be seen aligned over Farrington Highway on the 1959 Gousha Highway Map of Hawaii.  




On August 21st, 1959, Hawaii became the 50th State which saw its profile rise significantly.  The Interstate System in Hawaii was authorized as part of the 1960 Statehood Act.  The 1960 Statehood Act authorized Interstates H-1, H-2 and H-3 on the Island of Oahu.  Hawaii Route 92 and Hawaii Route 90 from the outskirts of Hickam Airforce Base east to downtown Honolulu was selected to become part of the Queen Liliuokalani Freeway segment of Interstate H-1.  Hawaii Route 90 from Hickam Airforce Base west towards Barbers Point was also selected to become part of the Queen Liliuokalani Freeway corridor of Interstate H-1.  The construction of Interstate H-1 would have implications for Hawaii Route 90 and Hawaii Route 99 on Farrington Highway.  

Much of the corridor of Interstate H-1 east of downtown Honolulu was inherited from Hawaii Route 72 and the existing Mauka Lateral.   Hawaiihighways.com details the construction history of Interstate H-1 on their Oahu page.  The first segment of the Lunalilo Freeway to be constructed as Interstate H-1 between Exit 25B east to 26A was completed by 1965.  This segment can be seen under construction in the 1965 Hawaii Department of Transportation photo below.  


Interstate H-1 on the Queen Liliuokalani Freeway from Exit 5 (Hawaii Route 76/Hawaii Route 750) to its western terminus opened during 1967.  The remainder of the Lunalilo Freeway segment of Interstate H-1 in Honolulu was completed by July 1969.  The Queen Liliuokalani segment of I-H1 was completed east to Hawaii Route 78 (future Interstate H-201) by 1971.  The Queen Liliuokalani segment of Interstate H-1 was gradually extended east of Hawaii Route 78 to the Lunalilo Freeway segment of Interstate H-1 culminating in the completion of the Intestate during May of 1986.  

Following the completion of various segments of Interstate H-1 the corridor of Hawaii Route 90 was disposed of in numerous ways.  Hawaii Route 90 can be seen on the 1969 USGS Map of Honolulu truncated to small routing following Dillingham Boulevard and Liliha Street east from Interstate H-1 to Hawaii Route 98 at Vineyard Boulevard.  


Interstate H-1 from the outskirts of downtown Honolulu west to Hickam Air Force Base was ultimately constructed over Hawaii Route 92/Nimitz Highway and Hawaii Route 90/Kamehameha Highway.  Hawaii Route 92/Nimitz Highway would ultimately be retained underneath Interstate H-1 whereas Hawaii Route 90/Kamehameha Highway was deleted.   

Hawaii Route 90/Kamehameha Highway from Hawaii Route 92/Nimitz Highway west to Ewa Junction near Pearl City was assigned as an extension of Hawaii Route 99 following the completion of Interstate H-1.  Below Hawaii Route 99 can be seen beginning its northbound course from Hawaii Route 92/Nimitz Highway on the 1983 USGS Map of Hawaii.  


Following the completion of Interstate H-1 what was Hawaii Route 90 on Farrington Highway west from Ewa Junction to Hawaii Route 76 on Farrington Highway was eventually reassigned as Hawaii Route 7101.  As noted above Hawaii Route 99 was extended over a part of Farrington Highway to bridge the gap in the Kamehameha Highway.  West of Hawaii Route 76 to Old Fort Weaver Road what was Hawaii Route 90 on Farrington Highway was retained as part of Hawaii Route 7110.  

Following the completion of Interstate H-1 former Hawaii Route 90/Farrington Highway west from Old Fort Weaver Road to Makakilo Drive was relinquished from the State Highway System.  The Farrington Highway from Makakilo Drive was bisected by the construction of Interstate H-1.  What was Hawaii Route 90 the Farrington Highway from Interstate H-1 Exit 1E west to the entrance of Kaena Point State Park was reassigned as Hawaii Route 93.  What was Hawaii Route 90 on Farrington Highway from the boundary of Kaena Point State Park has been abandoned and repurposed into as part of the Kaena Point Trail

From Kaena Point the alignment of Farrington Highway east to Kaukonahua Road what was Hawaii Route 99 was reassigned as part of Hawaii Route 930.  Hawaii Route 930 extends from the end of Farrington Highway via Kaukonahua Road to reach Hawaii Route 99/Hawaii Route 83 in Haleiwa. 



Part 2; a drive on Farrington Highway via Hawaii Route 99 and Hawaii Route 7101

Hawaii Route 99/Kamehameha Highway follows the northern shore Pearl Harbor.  Hawaii Route 99 northbound briefly splits onto Farrington Highway to bridge the gap in Kamehameha Highway at the Interstate H-1/Interstate H-2 junction.







Hawaii Route 99 northbound splits from Farrington Highway at the Hawaii Route 7101 junction back onto Kamehameha Highway.  


Farrington Highway is carried westbound by the beginning of Hawaii Route 7101.  Farrington Highway 7101 is carried 3-miles west from Hawaii Route 99 to Hawaii Route 76/Hawaii Route 750 at Kunia Road/Fort Weaver Road.  Much of Farrington Highway on Hawaii Route 7101 is aligned beneath the Honolulu Rail Transit. 










As Farrington Highway westbound reaches Hawaii Route 76/Hawaii Route 750 at Kunia Road/Fort Weaver Road the designation of Hawaii Route 7101 ends and becomes Hawaii Route 7110.





Below eastbound Farrington Highway can be seen transitioning from Hawaii Route 7110 onto Hawaii Route 7101 at Hawaii Route 76/Hawaii Route 750. 


Hawaii Route 7101 carries Farrington Highway eastbound back to Hawaii Route 99.  












Farrington Highway eastbound transitions off of Hawaii Route 7101 onto Hawaii Route 99.  Hawaii Route 99 carries Farrington Highway to its tend in Pearl City at Kamehameha Highway.  








Part 3; a drive on Farrington Highway via Hawaii Route 7110

Farrington Highway is carried under State Maintenance west 0.6-miles from Hawaii Route 76/Hawaii Route 750 to Old Fort Weaver Road.  For a time, Hawaii Route 7110 was part of Hawaii Route 760 before modern Fort Weaver Road was built.  



From the end of State Maintenance of Hawaii Route 7110, Farrington Highway continues west under local maintenance to Kamokila Boulevard.  


Below Farrington Highway can be seen east from Kamokila Boulevard transitioning back onto State Maintained Hawaii Route 7110 at Old Fort Weaver Road.  







Farrington Highway eastbound is carried via Hawaii Route 7110 from Old Fort Weaver Road to Hawaii Route 76/Hawaii Route 750. 





Part 4; Roadwaywiz on Hawaii Route 7101 and Hawaii Route 7110

During June 2019 Dan Murphy of the Roadwaywiz YouTube Channel (and Gribblenation) featured real-time drives on Farrington Highway.  Below Farrington Highway westbound on Hawaii Route 7101, Hawaii Route 7110 and local maintenance to Kamokila Boulevard can be observed.  The videos below show the transition through the gap in Farrington Highway via Kamokila Boulevard and Wakea Street to Hawaii Route 93.  




Below Farrington Highway can be seen east from Hawaii Route 93 carried under local maintenance, Hawaii Route 7110, Hawaii Route 7101 and Hawaii Route 99 to Kamehameha Highway.  






Part 5; a drive on Farrington Highway via Hawaii Route 93

19.5-miles of Farrington Highway are carried by Hawaii Route 93 from Interstate H-1 Exit 1 north to the boundary of Kaena Point State Park.  Upon crossing the western terminus of Interstate H-1 a guide sign shows Farrington Highway/Hawaii Route 93 as 11 miles from Waianae.  





Hawaii Route 93/Farrington Highway northbound is carried as a divided four-lane grade before dropping to undivided four-lanes approaching Nanakuli.  












Farrington Highway/Hawaii Route 93 is carried as an undivided four-lane road through Nanakuli.





Farrington Highway/Hawaii Route 93 passes through the communities of Maili and Waianae.





Departing Waianae Farrington Highway/Hawaii Route 93 northbound drops to two-lanes.  


North of Waianae the view of Kaena Point from Farrington Highway/Hawaii Route 93 becomes apparent.



Farrington Highway/Hawaii Route 93 continues northward towards Kaena Point.  Hawaii Route 93 ends as Farrington Highway enters Kaena Point State Park. 








The grade of Farrington Highway northbound becomes increasingly haggard in Kaena Point State Park.  



Farrington Highway northbound becomes ungraded dirt road built over the bed of the Oahu Railway nearing Kaena Point.  Farrington Highway approaching northward appears to have eroded to such a degree that reaching Kaena Point appears to only be possible by foot. 


Below Farrington Highway can be seen facing south from end of the dirt segment in Kaena Point State Park.  


From Kaena Point State Park the alignment of Farrington Highway south becomes part of Hawaii Route 93 and returns to Waianae.



















Farrington Highway/Hawaii Route 93 southbound passes through Waianae, Maili and Nanakuli. 











Farrington Highway/Hawaii Route 93 south of Nanakuli becomes a divided highway which gradually expands into the beginning of Interstate H-1.  Hawaii Route 93 southbound continues on Farrington Highway but requires leaving Interstate H-1 via Exit 1A at Kalaeloa Boulevard to reach. 







Part 6; Roadwaywiz on Hawaii Route 93

Below Hawaii Route 93 northbound on Farrington Highway from Interstate H-1 to Kaena Point State Park can be viewed.  






Below Farrington Highway and Hawaii Route 93 can be viewed from Kaena Point State Park south to Interstate H-1.  








Part 7; a drive on Farrington Highway via Hawaii Route 930

Below the abandoned Farrington Highway can be viewed facing west towards Kaena Point.


Turning east from the dirt segment of the Farrington Highway the course of Hawaii Route 930 begins.  6.7-miles of Hawaii Route 930 are carried via the remaining segment of Farrington Highway.  As Farrington Highway/Hawaii Route 930 enters Waialua it crosses under a former Oahu Railway underpass which is now known as Cane Haul Road.  


Farrington Highway ends as Hawaii Route 930 reaches Kaukonahua Road.  From the end of Farrington Highway the alignment of Hawaii Route 930 jogs north 1.2-miles on Kaukonahua Road to a terminus at Hawaii Route 99/Hawaii Route 83 in Haleiwa. 





Hawaii Route 930 westbound begins in Haleiwa at Hawaii Route 99/Hawaii Route 83 and follows Kaukonahua Road south 1.2-miles to Farrington Highway.  








Hawaii Route 930 westbound follows Farrington Highway 6.7-miles to its abandoned grade approaching Kaena Point.









Part 8; Roadwaywiz on Hawaii Route 930

Below Hawaii Route 930 can be viewed from the abandoned Farrington Highway near Kaena Point east to Haleiwa.  




Below Hawaii Route 930 can be viewed from Haleiwa west to the abandoned Farrington Highway. 




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