Prior to the Statehood the first signed highways within Hawaii Territory came into existence during World War II. During World War II the territory of Hawaii saw an influx of military activity following the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941. Numerous Military Routes and early Hawaii Routes were signed through the Hawaiian Territory to aid military personnel in navigating the islands. Military Highways were assigned US Route style shields whereas lesser highways were assigned an early variation of what is now the Hawaii Route Spade. The original Hawaii Route Spade may have been an homage to the earliest versions of the California Highway Spade.
A 1946 Army Map of the Island of Oahu shows the entirety of the World War II era highway system. A full version of the 1946 Army Map of Oahu can be seen hosted on hawaiihighways.com here.
The Military Routes and Hawaii Routes on Oahu during World War II followed a grid convention. The two-digit Military Routes were spurs of Military Route 1 whereas the Hawaii Routes were spurs of Military Route 1 or Miliary Route 2. The Hawaii Routes appears to be largely sequentially numbered ascending in a clockwise direction around Oahu.Circa 1955 following the conclusion of World War II the United States Bureau of Public Roads renumbered the Hawaii Route System. The 1955 Hawaii Route Renumbering saw most of the conventions utilized by the current Hawaii State Route System established. Primary Hawaii Routes were given two-digit numbers whereas Secondary Hawaii Routes were given three-digit numbers. The Hawaii Routes were assigned in sequence for what Island/County they were located on coupled with what Federal Aid Program number they were tied to. In the case of Oahu the Island was assigned numbers in the range of 60-99.
The purpose of this blog is to examine each route in the World War II highway system on Oahu. This page is part of the Gribblenation Oahu Highways page. All Gribblenation and Roadwaywiz media related to the highway system of Oahu can be found at the link below:
Military Route 1
1946 Army Map of Oahu displays Military Route 1 acting as an eastern loop of Oahu Military Route 1 is shown to not have a true origination point but acted as the main hub for much of the World War II highway system on Oahu. From downtown Honolulu Military Route 1 is shown following Dillingham Boulevard (what would become Hawaii Route 90) to Kamehameha Highway. Military Route 1 followed Kamehameha Highway from the Honolulu to Wahiawa (now Hawaii Route 99). Military Route 1 followed Kamehameha Highway through Wahiawa (now Hawaii Route 80) to Kaukonahua Road (now Honolulu County Routes 801 and 803). Military Rotue 1 followed Kaukonahua Road too Thompson's Corner where it turned north. From Thompson's Corner Military Route 1 followed Kaukonahua Road (now Hawaii Route 930) to Kamehameha Highway in Haleiwa. Military Route 1 followed Kamehameha Highway from Haleiwa across the northern tip of Oahu (now Hawaii Route 83 and Honolulu County Route 836 in the vicinity of Kaneohe) to the vicinity of Maunawili. From Mauanwili Military Route 1 followed Auloa Road and Ulupuni Street to Kalanianaole Highway (now Hawaii Route 72). Military Route 1 followed Kalanianole Highway around the eastern tip of Oahu which looped it back into the city of Honolulu. Through Honolulu Military Route 1 looped back to Dillingham Boulevard via Waialae Avenue, Kapiolani Boulevard and King Street.
Military Route 2
Military Route 2 is shown on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu originating from Military Route 1 via Farrington Highway at Ewa Junction. Military Route 2 is shown following Farrington Highway the western shores of Oahu where it terminated near Kaena Point at Makua Beach. The corridor of Military Route 2 became Hawaii Route 90 but is presently occupied by Hawaii Route 99, Hawaii Route 7101, Hawaii Route 7110 and Hawaii Route 93.
Military Route 2/Farrington Highway can be seen facing westward from Hawaii Route 211/Ewa Beach Road (now Old Fort Weaver Road) in the two photos below. These photos would be where the present terminus of Hawaii Route 7110 on Farrington Highway is located in modern times.
Military Route 3
Military Route 3 is shown on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu following Kunia Road from Military Route 2/Farrington Highway north to Military Route 17/Wilikina Drive in Wahiawa. The corridor of Military Route 3 is presently occupied by Hawaii Route 750.
Hawaii Route 3A
Hawaii Route 3A is shown on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu branching from Military Route 3/Kunia Road west towards Pohakea Pass via the Pohakea Spur. What was Hawaii Route 3A is presently occupied by Palawai Road.
Hawaii Route 3B
Hawaii Route 3B is shown on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu branching from Military Route 3/Kunia Road west through Schofield Barracks towards Kolekole Road. What was Hawaii Route 3B is presently occupied by Range Road in the Schofield Barracks.
Military Route 11
Military Route 11 is shown on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu following Farrington Highway from Thompson's Corner west towards Kawaihapai near Kaena Point. The corridor of Military Route 11 is now occupied by Hawaii Route 930.
Military Route 12
Military Route 12 is shown on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu following Kamehameha Highway from Military Route 1 near Wahiawa northward looping back to Military Route 1 near Haleiwa. The corridor of Military Route 12 is presently occupied by Hawaii Route 99.
Hawaii Route 12A
Hawaii Route 12A is shown branching from Military Route 12/Kamehameha Highway north of Wahiawa. Hawaii Route 12A is shown following a dirt road east from Military Route 12 to the Poamoho Trail. There appears to be no modern analog for Hawaii Route 12A on the modern Helemano Military Reservation.
Military Route 13
Military Route 13 is shown originating on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu in downtown Honolulu at Military Route 1/King Street. Military Route 13 is shown following Nuuanu Avenue, the Old Pali Highway and Kamehameha Highway over the Koolau Range to Military Route 1 near Maunawili. The corridor of Military Route 13 was reassigned as Hawaii Route 61 but has been since largely modernized.
Below a Military Route 13 shield can be seen.
Military Route 16
Military Route 16 is shown on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu originating at Military Route 1 in Kaneohe. Military Route 16 is shown following Kaneohe Bay Drive (what became Hawaii Route 63 and is now Hawaii Route 65/Hawaii Route 630) to Kailua. Within Kailua Military Route 16 is shown following Kalaheo Avenue, Kuulei Road and Ulupuni Street to Military Route 1.
Hawaii Route 16A
Hawaii Route 16A is shown on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu originating from Military Route 16 at Kalaheo Drive in Kailua. Hawaii Route 16A is shown following Kainui Drive, Oneawa Street, Kailua Road, Lihiwai Road, Kawailoa Road, Alala Road and Mokulua Drive to Lanikai. Hawaii Route 16A appears to have become Hawaii Route 618 for a time after the creation of the 1955 Hawaii Route System.
Hawaii Route 16B
Hawaii Route 16B is shown on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu originating from Military Route 16/Kaneohe Bay Drive. Hawaii Route 16B is shown following Mokapu Road north onto the Mokapu Peninsula through the present site of Marine Corps Base Hawaii. For a time Mokapu Road was part of post-1955 Hawaii Route 630.
Hawaii Route 212
Hawaii Route 212 is shown on the 1946 Army Day of Oahu branching from Military Route 2/Farrington Highway west through the Waianae Range towards Kane Point. Hawaii Route 212 appears to have been intended to access a peak known as Monawahua and doesn't have a modern analog.
Hawaii Route 213
Hawaii Route 213 is shown on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu branching south from Military Route 2/Farrington Highway via what was known as Camp Road in Naval Air Station Barbers Point. Hawaii Route 213 appears to not have a modern analog road.
Hawaii Route 214
Hawaii Route 214 is shown on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu as a bombing range road of Naval Air Station Barbers Point. Hawaii Route 214 appears to not have a modern analog road.
Hawaii Route 215
Hawaii Route 215 is shown on the 1946 Army Day Map of Oahu as an east/west dirt road through Naval Air Station Barbers Point. Hawaii Route 215 appears to originate at Hawaii Route 211 and track westward to Military Route 2/Farrington Highway. Hawaii Route 215 does not appear to have a modern analog road.